Today Nazareth is a bustling city of 80,000 inhabitants, making it the largest Arab city in Israel.
It is also at the economic and cultural center for a larger Arab population, at least twice that size, living in several towns adjacent to the city, including Reine, Kafr Kana, Ein Mahel and Iksal.
Most of the local population depends on tourism, service industries, marketing and crafts. Farming is no longer possible because of the lack of land available to Arab communities. However, there are a few small industries, such as ice, knife and ceramics factories.